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开学第一周 实验安全教育
2018-02-27   审核人:

xinxueqidiyizhou,shiyanzhongxinweiraoshiyanshianquanduixueshengzhankaianquanjiaoyu,shiyanjiaoshijiangjieshiyancaozuoanquan、huaxueyaopinanquan、shuidiananquan、feiwuchulidengfangmianzhishiduixueshengjinxingpeixun,tongguoqianghuashiyanshianquanguanligongzuo,zengqiangletongxuemenzaishiyanzhongdeanquanzerenyishi,youliyutigaoshiyanguifanhuashuipingyushiyanshihuanbaoyishi。

fujian: shiyanshixueshenganquanpeixun

huankexishiyanzhongxin

※※实验室学生安全培训

1、使用试剂的安全操作

jinxinghuaxueshiyanzuijibendeyuanzeshi,jiangyiqiehuahewudouxianshiweijuyouqianzaideweihai,youqishiduiyuxinde、shangbushuxidewuzhi,shiyongshihuojinxinghuaxuefanyingdeguochengzhongyingjinkenengjianshaoxiruhepifujiechu。yixiajuticaozuozhidezhuyi:

(1)wulunshiyongyibanweixianpinhuojudupinshidouyingdaishoutao。

(2)buyaopinchanghuaxueshiji,buyaozhijiefuxiangrongqikouquxiuhuaxueshijideqiwei,eryinglideyuanxieyongbaidongshouzhangjiangshaoxuqiweiyinxiangbikong。buyaowenshangbuzhiduxingdehuahewu。

(3)buyaoyongzuilaixiyiyeguanhuoqidonghongxiguan,eryingshiyongxierqiu。

(4)duiyuyihuifadeyeti(ruyimi、bingtong、xiu、silvhuatan、xiaosuandeng),rongqineibukeshengdeguoman,bukezhiyurishaihuogaowenchu,kaiqizheileirongqishiwushipingkouzhengduirenshen。

亚博买球(5)xishinongliusuanshibixuzaijiaobanxiajiangliusuanhuanhuanqingrushuizhong,qiebukejiangshuidaorunongsuanzhong,yifangyetifarejianchulaishangren。

亚博买球(6)zhuangyouhuaxueshijihuofeiyederongqidoubixulijitiehaobiaoqian,shiyonghuaxueshijishiyingzixiyuedubiaoqian。

(7)youduyouhaifeiyebukeqingruxiashuikou,yinganguidingfangruhuishourongqizhong。

(8)liangquhuaxueshijishi,ruoyisazaizhuoshang、dixiayingjishiqingliganjing。

(9)feishiyanshirenyuan,wuquansuoquhuaxueyaopin,ruyoufasheng,benshirenyuanyaofuyoufalvliandaizeren。

(10)shiyanshiguanlirenyuanyangelvxingyaopindefafangzhidu。

2、使用玻璃器皿的安全操作

亚博买球boliqiminshihuaxueshiyanshidechangyongyiqi,ruguoshiyongbudangyehuizaochengshanghaihuodaozhiyiwai,yixiajuticaozuoyingdangyuyizhongshi:

(1)weifangzhidasuiboliqimin,shiyongshiyingqingnaqingfang,shiyanqianyingzixijianchashifouyouliewenhuoposun。

亚博买球(2)jiangboliguancharuxiangjiaosaihuozaiboliguanshangtaoxiangjiaoguanshiyingzhuyifanghu,chaguanshikedaishoutaohuodianmaojinbaozheboliguanjinxingcaozuo。xiangjiaosaidakongguoxiaoshibukeqiangxingshiboliguanhuowendujicharu,yingtuxierunhuajihuozhongxindakong。

亚博买球(3)zaizheduanyijuyoucuohendeboliguanshi,yingliangshouwoguan,cuohenchaoxia,lianggemuzhijiankaozaiyiqianzaicuohendeduimianjiayashiboliguancongcuohenchuzheduan,shiyongzheduandeboliguanhuobolibangshiyingjiangduantoujiemianshaochengyuanhua。

亚博买球(4)jinxingshiguanjiareshi,wushiguankouchaozijihuotaren,yifangrongyejianchushangren。

亚博买球(5)liangtong、shijiping、peiyangmindengruanzhibolizhipinbukezhijiezaihuoshanghuodianlushangjiare,buyingzaishijipinghuoliangtongzhongxishinongliusuanhuogutishiji。

(6)zhuoredeqiminfangruganzaoqishibukemashanggaiyan,yingliuxiaofengshidangfangqi。nuodongganzaoqishishuangshoudouyingniezhuganzaoqidebian,yifanggaizihualuo。

(7)zhenkonghuomifengdeboliyiqicaozuoshiyinggewaixiaoxin。

3、化学实验过程中的人身保护和人身保护器具

shiyonghuaxueweixianpinhuojinxingjuyouyidingweixianxingdeshiyan,shixianbixurenzhenkaolvrenshenfanghudecuoshi,jichukeshiyanshiheqitahuaxueshiyanshijunxupeibeibiyaodefanghuqiju。

(1)yanbubaohu

亚博买球shiyanzhongbaohuyanbuzhiguanzhongyao,weilebimianyanbushoushanghuojinkenengdejianshaoyanbushoushangdeweixian,shiyanshiruyoutiaojianyingpeibeifanghuyanjing。tichangzaijinxingjuyouqianzaiweixiandehuaxueshiyancaozuoshiyijiqitakenengchanshengduiyanbuyouchongjiweixiandeshiyanguochengzhongbixupeidaifanghuyanjing。

shiyanguochengzhongbuyaopeidaiyinxingyanjing,yinxingyanjingduiyanjingdeyiwaishanghaibudanqibudaofanghuzuoyong,erqiedangyanjingshousunhoubuyiqingxi。

duiyujinxingmouxieyijian、yibaodeshiyan,yingshefazaishiyanzhuangzhiyucaozuozhezhijiananzhuangtoumingdefanghubanhuocaiquqitafanghucuoshi。

(2)shoububaohu

jinxingyouweixianxingdehuaxuecaozuoshibixupeidaiheshidefanghushoutao。yinggenjushijijinxingdecaozuoxuanzeduiyunengqidaofangfu、fangshenhuofangtangdengzuoyongdeshoutao,suoyongshoutaoyingshiweilaohua、wuliekoude,biyaoshikedailiangshuangshoutaoyiquebaowaicengshoutaopolieshishoubushoushang。butongchengfendexiangjiaoshoutaokangfushideduixiangyebutong,liru: jiechuqingyanghuana、gaolvsuan、nongxiaosuanshiyingpeidaiyixishuzhishoutaohuolvdingxiangjiaoshoutao;jiechulvfang、silvhuatanshiyingpeidaidingjingxiangjiaoshoutaohuotianranxiangjiaoshoutao;jiechuguoyanghuaqing、yisuan、anshuishikepeidaigezhongxiangjiaoshoutao;jiechunongliusuanshiyingpeidaitianranxiangjiaoshoutaohuolvdingxiangjiaoshoutao。lingwai,weibimianyouduyouhaiwuzhiwurankuosan,yingzhuyipeidaifanghushoutao,caozuoguochengzhongjiechurichangpin(dianhua、men、bashou、bideng)shiyingtuoxiashoutao。

(3) fanghufu

shiyanzhezaishiyanguochengzhongyingbimianpifujiechurenhehuaxueshiji,tongshiyingbimianrichangdezhezhuangbushouwuran,yincibixuchuanshiyanfu,bukechuanzheyiyouwurandeshiyanfujinrubangongshi、huiyishi、shitangdenggonggongchangsuo,shiyanfuyingjingchangxi。

renherenbudezaishiyanshichuanqunzihetuoxie。shiyanguochengzhongzhangfayingdangshuqi。

(4) tongfengju

weilefangzhizhijiexiruyouduqiti,suoyoushejihuifaxing、cijixingwuzhidecaozuodoubixuzaitongfengjuzhongjinxing,zheiyangjikebimianshiyanzheshouhai,yekefangzhiwuranzhouweihuanjing,youliyubaozhanglouneitarendejiankang。

亚博买球shiyanshitongfengjudegaizaoxubaoxibangongshishenpi,bingyouzhuanyechangjiashishi。

weilebaozhangpaifengbushouzuai,yibanqingkuangxiatongfengjuneibuyingfangzhidajianshebei,bukeduifangshijihuoqitazawu,zhifangdangqianshiyongdewupin,erqiehuaxueweixianpinjiboliyiqibuyilijumentaijin。

亚博买球caozuoguochengzhongbukejiangtoushenjintongfengju,weilebaochizugoudefengsujiangyouduyouhaiqitipaizou,huaxuefanyingguochengzhongyingjinliangshijumenfangdejiaodi。

(5) jinjixiyanqi

huaxueshiyanshiyinganzhuangjinjixiyanqi,shiyanshizhurenhejiaoshiyouzerenduixinjinshiyanshidexueshengjiangjiezheixiesheshideyongtuheshiyongfangfa。guanlirenyuanyingrenzhenweihubingbaochizheixiesheshideqingjieheyouxiao,renrendouyouyiwuaihuzheixiesheshibingbuzuotayong。

4、化学实验过程中的安全操作

huaxueshiyanguochengzhongwangwangshejiboliyiqizuzhuang,shijiyiqu,jiarehuolengque,wenduhuoyalikongzhidengduogehuanjie,weixianyinsujiaoduo,bixuzhuyianquancaozuo。

亚博买球(1)zhengliuhehuiliushiyanzhongwangwangyongzilaishuijinxinglengque,xiangjiaoguanbixujielao,erqieyingshichangjianchashifoulaohuahuorongyituoluo,yidantuokaibujinzaochengpaoshui,haikenengyintingzhilengqueerfashengshigu。

亚博买球(2)butongderongjitixiyingcaiyongbutongdejiarefangshi,lirujiarefeidianzai80℃yixiadeyimi,eryanghuatan,bingtong,shiyoumi,yichun,lvfangdengbixuyongshuiyujiare;erqiezhinengconglengshuijiarekaishi;jiarefeidianzai80℃yishangdeyetikecaiyongdiaowendudedianretao,youyudeng。jiarededifeidianyiranrongjiyingbimian,jiareshebeiyingyuanliyiranwu。jinzhishiyongchangkourongqijiareyoujirongji。

(3)jiareguochengbixuzhuyifangzhijubuguorehebaofei。

(4)zaizhengliuhehuiliurongyeshiyingxianjiarufeishi,zaikaishijiare(buyixiangrerongyejiafeishi)。

亚博买球(5)jinxingyiranrongyereguolvshi,qingdaorongyeqianyingguanbijiareqi。

(6)jinxingzhengliuhuohuiliucaozuoshi,wubifangzhixingchengfengbitixi,fouzerongyifashengbaozhashigu。

(7)bukesuiyitushoushiquzhuoredeboliqimin,yaofangzhitangshangshouhuoganjuetangshoushijiangqiminrengkaierfashengshigu。yingxuanzeheshifangfashiqu(zhuanyongjiazi,qianzihuopeidaishoutaodeng)。

(8)jiarefanyinghuozhengfaguochengzhong,caozuozhebukezhangshijianlikai,zanshilikaiyingweituotarenzhaokan,yibianfangzhifashengyiwaishigu。

5、化学危险品简介

亚博买球yibanshuolai,juyouyiran、yibao、fushi、duhaihefangshexingdengweixianxingzhi,zaiyidingtiaojianxianengyinqiranshao、baozhahedaozhirentizhongdu、ranshaohuosiwangdengshigudehuaxuewupinjifangshexingwupintongchengweihuaxueweixianpin。huaxueweixianpinxingzhigeyi,weixianxingdaxiaobuyi,erqieyouxiehuaxueweixianpinbuzhijuyoudanyideyizhongweixianxing,erchangchangjuyouduozhongweixianxing。zaiqiduozhongweixianxingzhongbiyouyizhongbiaoxianzuiweituchudezhuyaoweixianxing,suoyigenjuqizhuyaoweixianxingjinxingfenlei,yibianyuguanlihecaiquxiangyingdeanquanduice。

亚博买球2015nianbande《weixianhuaxuepinmulu》gongbaohan2828zhongweihuapin。yabomaiqiuguoduihuaxueweixianpindefenleishigenjuhuaxueweixianpintexingzhongdezhuyaoweixianheshengchan、yunshu、shiyongshibianyuguanlideyuanzejinxingfenlei,erbushianzhaohuaxue、dulixue、wulixuedengfenleifangfajinxingfenlei。yijuguojiabiaozhun《changyongweixianhuaxuepindebiaozhijifenlei》deguiding,jianghuaxueweixianpinfenwei8lei:

(1)baozhapin;

亚博买球(2)yasuoqitiheyetaiqiti;

(3)yiranyeti;

亚博买球(4)yiranguti、ziranwupinheyushiyiranwupin;

(5)yanghuajiheyoujiguoyanghuawu;

(6)duhaipin;

(7)fushipin;

(8)fangshexingwupin。

6、扑救电气设备火灾应注意的问题

(1)pujiudianqishebeihuozai(baokuoqitaleixinghuozai),zuihaozaiduandianzhuangtaixiajinxing。suoyi,faxianqihuohou,shouxianshefaqieduanshineidianyuan。lazhashiyaoyongjueyuangongjucaozuo,yinweihuozaifashenghou,youyushouchaohuoyanxun,kaiguanshebeidejueyuannenglijiangdi,henkenengloudian;ruguoshineidianyuanwufaqieduan,yidingyaojiangloudaozhongpeidianjudezongzhaduankai。

(2)ruguoweilezhengqumiehuoshijian,fangzhihuozaikuodaerlaibujiduandian,huoyinqitayuanyinbunengduandian,zaijinxingdaidianmiehuoshibixuanmiehuojidezhongleixuanzeshidangdemiehuoqi。eryanghuatan,erfuyilvyixiujiawan(ji1211)huoganfenmiehuoqidemiehuojidoushibudaodiande,keyongyudaidianmiehuo。paomomiehuoji(shuirongye)youyidingdaodianxing,erqieduidianqishebeidejueyuanxingnengyouyingxiang,buyiyudaidianmiehuo。

(3)dianqishebeizhehuohou,bunengzhijieyongshuimiehuo。yinweishuizhongyibanhanyoudaodiandezazhi,penzaidaidianshebeishanggengrongyidaodian。keyigaiyongpenwushuiqiang,zheizhongshuiqiangtongguoshuizhudexieloudianliuhenxiao,daidianmiehuobijiaoanquan。

(4)rentihedaidiantizhijianyaobaochibiyaodeanquanjuli,rudaidiantihuodaidiandaoxiandieluodimian,haiyaohuachuyidingdejingjiequ,fangzhishangren。

7、电热设备的安全使用

dianlu(mingshidianluhexiangshidianlu)、ganzaoxiang(hongxiang)dengdoushiyonglaijiarededianreshebei,qijiarewenduzuigaokeda1600℃,shiyongshibixuzhuyianquan,fouzerongyifashenghuozai。shiyongzhongyingzhuyiyixiajigewenti:

亚博买球(1)dianreshebeidegonglvyibandoubijiaoda,ruguojiangtajiezaijiemianjiguoxiaodedaoxianshang,huosuibiantihuanchengheyuanlaigonglvbuyiyangdedianzuxian;huojixushiyongnianjiushixiudedianzuxiandounengzaochengxianluguozaierfashengweixian。

(2)dianrewaiqiaowendujiaogao,ruguogerecailiaoposunmeiyoujishixiuli,dianreqijietonghouwurenkanguan,tingdianshimeiyoujiangchatoubachu,fudianhouwurenzhidao,dianreqikaojinkeranwuhuozhijiefangzaikeranwushang,doukenengyinqiwuzhiranshao。

(3)weileanquan,dianreshebeiyingfangzaimeiyouyiran、yibaoqitihefenchendezhuanmenfangjianneishiyong;youxiedianreshebei(ruxiangshidianlu)yingyouzhuanyongluxianhechazuo;jietongdianyuanhoubunengzhangshijianwurenzhishou;buyaozaiwendufanweidezuigaoxianzhizhangshijianshiyongdianreyiqi;kongwenbuhaodedianreshebeibukeshiyong;bukejiangweiyuredeqiminfangrugaowenlunei。

(4)dianrehongxiangyibanyonglaihongboliyiqihezaijiareguochengzhongbufenjie,wufushixingdeshijihuoyangpin。huifaxingyiranwuhuogangyongyichun、bingtonglinxiguodeyangpin、yiqidengbukefangruhongxiangjiare,yimianfashengzhehuohuobaozha,hongxiangmenbunengshangsuo。

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